What is CSE?
In the past sex education focused on puberty and reproduction. Today it is generally referred to as “sexuality education”. ‘Sexuality’ education focuses on sexual attitudes, activities/practices, orientations, and the capacity for sexual feelings – not on physiology or anatomy. 
Highlighted words defined:
Sexuality: understanding of sexual orientations, sexual activities, and capacity for sexual feelings
Rights-Based: World Health Organization International Standards for Human Sexuality state that students need to be informed of their sexual rights as determined by Planned Parenthood International.
Skills – investigating sexual preferences through self-investigation (masturbation), use of consent – discussion of sexual preferences with someone who is more than just a friend, use of contraceptives, etc
Values – acceptance of all consensual sexual choices and activities, engaged in respectfully and mutually satisfying.
Determine their sexuality – encourage and support children and youth to determine their gender and sexual orientation, sexual activity preferences, and their capacity for sexual feelings
Relationship – not limited to heterosexual or one partner as this would be discriminatory.
Goal of CSE/SRR
The overall goal of CSE is to change the gender and sexual norms of society and to establish rights for children as sexually autonomous beings. This 2 minute video at the following link demonstrates what this change will look like in our youth.
Rationale – The rationale for CSE can be organized into 3 categories.
|Practical Medical Rationale||Social Values Rationale||Satisfying Sexual Relationships|
|CSE advocates rationalize that some children/youth will be sexually engaged. Because sexual activity can result in pregnancy and/or sexually transmitted infections, all children should be provided with information on ways to reduce the risks including:|
· be instructed in the use of condoms and other contraceptives
· non-reproductive methods of sexual expression (anal, oral, self and mutual masturbation, etc.)
· seeking testing and medication to monitor their sexual health and control symptoms
Public Health Prevention Model: CSE is consistent with the Secondary and Tertiary levels of Public Health model.
Be Inclusive and reduce discrimination by
· accepting and affirming all methods of sexual expression and sexual orientations that are entered into consensually
· affirming and instructing on sexual orientations & gender identity so that children and youth may consider how this applies to them
· present sexuality positively, emphasizing values such as respect, inclusion, non-discrimination, equality, empathy, responsibility and reciprocity.
|Youth surveys indicate some youth want to know about relational and emotional aspects of sexuality|
· healthy sexual relationships & orientations;
· communication and negotiation regarding sexual activity,
· sexual pleasure,
· how to end a relationship
Hence content on pleasure, sexual activity, communicating consent, etc., is included. 
Consent for sexual activity is seen as a primary strategy toward healthy sexual relationships and the concept of communicating consent begins to be taught in primary grades.
 https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_downloads/demystifying-data-handouts_0. (Planned Parenthood, World Health Organization, United Nations)
 2017, The Ontario Sexual Health Education Update: Perspectives from the Toronto Teen Survey (TTS) Youth
 Larkin, Flicker; The Ontario Sexual Health Education Update: Perspectives from the Toronto Teen Survey (TTS) Youth); P. 10; ©2017 Canadian Society for the Study of Education/